We are Living in the Golden Age of Medicine
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Is this the Golden Age of Medicine? Modern medicine has improved the life span as well as the Quality of life. Every thing for the discovery of antibiotics to the manipulation of genes has made this possible. Discoveries that have had the greatest impact:
Use of Penicillin
- The AntiBiotic Penicillin was discovered in the year 1928. It became the #1 way to cure infections in 1942. The fact of the matter, it is the most important drug discovery in the history of modern medicine. This miracle drug ushered in the era of antibiotics. Hence the advances in therapeutic medicine. In fact, there’s a good chance that many people would not be able to read this if not for penicillin. This one discovery usshered in the Golden Age of Medicine.
- Basic Aspirin is a top-tier wonder drug. This pill can do everything. Mostly used for headache relief as well as muscle pain . New research has shown it to reduce your risk of death from a heart attack. Brought to market in 1899 by Bayer AG. It is commonly used today as part of the Golden Age of Medicine.
- Dr. Hans Berger of Germany is credited with the first recorded electroencephalogram, or EEG. The Doctor’s assertion i that the Human brain’s electrical impulses can be recorded. He was met with the typical amount of derision that one could expect. In fact, he waited over 5 years before He published his techniques for recording the electrical activity of the human brain from the heads surface with electrodes. Monitoring electrical stimulus is part of the Golden Age of Medicine
Lenses for Glasses
- This was discovered long ago, not a part of the Golden Age of Medicine.The first recognized, document mention of concave lenses, or glasses, being worn for fixing myopia was a correspondence from the Duke of Milan to the representative in Florence ordering 30 pair of eyeglasses. In fact, 12 of them were for near-sighted vision for the elderly.
A Flexible Catheter
- Did you know that Benjamin Franklin invented the flexible catheter. He had used hinged metal segments to flexibility. The reason, his brother John suffered from kidney stones. Before Franklin,. they were hard tubes that were forced up into the bladder directly through the urethra.
- Willem J. Kolff, a Dutch physician, designed and then built the first Kidney dialysis machine. HKolff used tin cans and parts from washing machine. Even though the first attempts were not successful, Dr. Kolff did finally develop a workable unit with his co-workers at the Cleveland Clinic.
- René Laënnec, a French physician, made-up the modern stethoscope. The original , was a trumpet-shaped wooden tube. He designed it to be able to listen to a very fat woman heart. He was unable to hear by pressing his ear to her chest because of the layer of fat.
- Dr. Crawford W. Long performed the original operation using diethyl ether as an general anesthetic. The Doctor pushed an ether-soaked towel covering up the patient’s mouth. This would put them to sleep. Doctor Long then removed 2 tumors from the patients neck. He charged him $2. The bill included a itemizing the cost of the ether.
- The very first listing of the human genome was published for critical review. In less than 3 years, it was completed with all genomes.
- The Rheo knee is a artificial joint. The plastic prosthetic joint replaces the faulty knee. The Device will actually adapt to a user’s walking style over time. It was invented and manufactured by the Ossur Corporation.
- Dr McGucklin developed a liver grown from stem cells. The liver was very small, the size of a quarter. Note, the artificial liver cannot be implanted in a human.
- The Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Felix Bloch and Edward Mills Purcell for developing nuclear magnetic resonance. This is how M.R.I. machines work.
- Using a galvanometer, the English Researcher named, Richard Caton discovered electrical impulses in the brains of animals. Building off this new knowledge, the principles that would lead to the creation of the electroencephalogram, or EEG.
Kidney Organ Transplant
- There were 9 fatal attempts before the first success. A team of transplant specialist at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston were able to successfully transplanted a kidney from a 26-year-old man to his twin brother. The recipient lived 11 years more. In the year 1990, the teams lead surgeon, Dr. Joseph E. Murray, won the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology.
- Dr. Claude Beck, successfully defibrillated the heart of a 16-year-old girl while performing cardiac surgery. The shocking actually brought the dead person back to life. Doctors were aware of the potential, however, this was the first successful clinical use.
- Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, a German physicist, discovered the X-ray. In fact, it was so amazing that many people simply did not believe the reports of its use. The New York Times referred to it mockingly as Dr. Röntgen’s “alleged discovery of how to photograph the invisible.”
- David S. Sheridan, had a 9th-grade education. He was working in the floor re-surfacing business. He then invented the disposable catheter. It was a simple, hollow soft, plastic tube designed to be disposable. He owned 4 companies, as well as holding over 55 patents.
- Dr. Harold Ridley implanted the first intraocular lens. It was permanently placed to correct cataract.
- Henry Opitek was the designer of an artificial heart. The heart, called the Dodrill GMR heart machine, was built General Motors. It is considered the first functioning mechanical heart. Heart surgery can be done with the blood being bi-passed.
- Dr. Willem Einthoven of the Netherlands was the designer of the first workable electrocardiogram. The original weighed was huge. In fact it weighed in at over 600 pound and needed a water cooling system for its enormous electromagnets. It required 5 people to operate. In 1924 Dr. Willem Einthoven was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the Electrocardiogram..
- The golden age of Medicne has brought us the Laparoscopy. Dr. Hans Christian Jacobaeus, a Swedish internist, performed the first laparoscopy. Dr. Jacobaeus punctured the abdominal walls of Seventeen People. Surprisingly, the Doctor used cocaine as a local anesthetic. He was able to removed fluid from the abdomen. He examined the cavities with a cytoscope upon completion of the procedure.
- António Egas Moniz, a Portuguese neurologist is the Father of the Lobotomy. The first one was the cutting of neural connectors in one’s own brain’s frontal cortex . The goal was to treat severely delusional or violent patients. Moniz was not a trained surgeon. The procedure was useless and destructive. In fact, it is no longer done. The irony, in 1948 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology for his invention.
- Dr. Albert Hyman is the inventor of the heart pacemaker is one of the inventions that makes this the Golden Age of Medicine. The original pace maker was just over 9.5 inches long. The weight, approximately 14 ounce. The device was designed to supply one’s heart with a electric current with adjustable voltage.
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We are Living in the Golden Age of Medicine
Is this the Golden Age of Medicine? Modern medicine has improved the life span as well as the Quality of life. Every thing for the discovery of antibiotics to the manipulation of genes has made this possible.